A NSW Government website

Future Industries Reports

NSW Power to X

Power-to-X (P2X) is an umbrella term for processes and technologies that convert renewable energy and sustainable materials into power fuels and clean chemicals.

P2X products include green hydrogen, ammonia and synthetic hydrocarbons such as methane, methanol and aviation fuels. P2X industries have significant potential to deliver economic benefits to NSW while decarbonising high-emitting and hard-to-abate industries. These opportunities have been highlighted in the NSW Decarbonisation Innovation Study 2020 and the NSW: A Clean Energy Superpower Industry Opportunities Report for the NSW Electricity Infrastructure Roadmap. The NSW 20-Year R&D Roadmap has identified P2X as one of the priority technology clusters where NSW has competitive advantages in a wide range of applications across industry sectors.

Recognising the strong potential interest of stakeholders, the Office of NSW Chief Scientist & Engineer initiated NSW Power-to-X (NSW P2X), which is a range of activities and programs to realise economic and environmental benefits by accelerating innovation ecosystem development, disruptive technology commercialisation and industry deployment across NSW's P2X value chain. NSW P2X activities include innovation networks, industry feasibility studies, education and outreach, targeted market analysis and investment.

NSW Powerfuel and Hydrogen Network

The NSW Powerfuel and Hydrogen Network (PFH2) is an industry-led innovation network under the NSW Decarbonisation Innovation Hub, supported by the NSW Government. PFH2 aims to work with stakeholders to accelerate the industrial translation of mature and emerging P2X technologies and build expertise to address the challenges faced by clean fuels and chemicals across value chains.

PFH2 is led by UNSW Sydney in partnership with industry, research and government stakeholders across NSW, Australia and overseas.

A graphic containing all PFH2 members can be viewed at this link.


Thomas Gao, Business Development Manager, PFH2

NSW P2X Studies

The NSW P2X studies are industry pre-feasibility and feasibility studies delivering techno-economic analysis of NSW’s capability and capacity to deploy P2X hubs and develop future industries. The studies synthesise a broad range of data, research and industry information to provide a systemic view of P2X development pathways.

NSW P2X Industry Feasibility Study

This study builds on findings from the P2X Pre-Feasibility Study to deliver a comprehensive assessment of the technical and economic viability of NSW P2X hubs, particularly on green hydrogen, considering production costs, transportation costs and supply chains to existing and future markets.

NSW Power-to-X Industry Feasibility Study

NSW Power-to-X Industry Feasibility Study Appendix

NSW Powerfuel Value Chain Tool

NSW P2X Pre-Feasibility Study

This report investigated NSW’s opportunities and capabilities to establish P2X industries. The study’s objective was to assess the technological pathways of different P2X industries and identify prospective locations for large-scale P2X production in NSW.

NSW Power to X Industry Pre-feasibility Study: A Roadmap for a P2X economy in NSW


NSW Power to X Industry Pre-feasibility Study: A Roadmap for a P2X economy in NSW (Korean Language Translation)

NSW Power to X Industry Pre-feasibility Study: A Roadmap for a P2X economy in NSW (Japanese Language Translation)